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SixtyPical Compilation

This is a test suite, written in Falderal format, for compiling SixtyPical to 6502 machine code.

-> Tests for functionality "Compile SixtyPical program"

Null program.

| define main routine
| {
| }
= $080D   RTS

nop program.

| define main routine
| {
|     nop
| }
= $080D   NOP
= $080E   RTS

Rudimentary program.

| define main routine
|   inputs a
|   outputs a
|   trashes c, z, n, v
| {
|     st off, c
|     add a, 4
| }
= $080D   CLC
= $080E   ADC #$04
= $0810   RTS

Call extern.

| define chrout routine
|   inputs a
|   trashes a
|   @ 65490
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs a
|   trashes a, z, n
| {
|     ld a, 65
|     call chrout
| }
= $080D   LDA #$41
= $080F   JSR $FFD2
= $0812   RTS

Call defined routine.

| define foo routine
|   outputs a, x, y
|   trashes z, n
| {
|   ld a, 0
|   ld x, 0
|   ld y, 0
| }
| 
| define main routine
|   trashes a, x, y, z, n
| {
|     call foo
| }
= $080D   JSR $0811
= $0810   RTS
= $0811   LDA #$00
= $0813   LDX #$00
= $0815   LDY #$00
= $0817   RTS

Access a defined memory location.

| byte foo
| 
| define main routine
|   trashes a, y, z, n, foo
| {
|     ld y, 0
|     st y, foo
|     ld a, foo
| }
= $080D   LDY #$00
= $080F   STY $0816
= $0812   LDA $0816
= $0815   RTS

Memory location with explicit address.

| byte screen @ 1024
| 
| define main routine
|   trashes a, z, n, screen
| {
|   ld a, 100
|   st a, screen
| }
= $080D   LDA #$64
= $080F   STA $0400
= $0812   RTS

Accesses to memory locations in zero-page with ld and st and and, or, and xor use zero-page addressing.

| byte zp @ $00
| byte screen @ 100
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs screen, zp
|   outputs screen, zp
|   trashes a, z, n
| {
|   ld a, screen
|   st a, screen
|   ld a, zp
|   st a, zp
|   and a, zp
|   or a, zp
|   xor a, zp
| }
= $080D   LDA $64
= $080F   STA $64
= $0811   LDA $00
= $0813   STA $00
= $0815   AND $00
= $0817   ORA $00
= $0819   EOR $00
= $081B   RTS

Memory location with initial value.

| byte lives : 3
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs lives
|   trashes a, z, n
| {
|   ld a, lives
| }
= $080D   LDA $0811
= $0810   RTS
= $0811   .byte $03

Word memory locations with explicit address, initial value.

| word w1 @ 60001
| word w2 : 3003
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs w1
|   outputs w2
|   trashes a, z, n
| {
|   copy w1, w2
| }
= $080D   LDA $EA61
= $0810   STA $081A
= $0813   LDA $EA62
= $0816   STA $081B
= $0819   RTS
= $081A   .byte $BB
= $081B   .byte $0B

Initialized byte table, initialized with ASCII string. Bytes allocated, but beyond the string, are 0's.

| byte table[8] message : "WHAT?"
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs message
|   outputs x, a, z, n
| {
|   ld x, 0
|   ld a, message + x
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA $0813,X
= $0812   RTS
= $0813   .byte $57
= $0814   PHA
= $0815   EOR ($54,X)
= $0817   .byte $3F
= $0818   BRK
= $0819   BRK
= $081A   BRK

Initialized byte table, initialized with list of byte values.

| byte table[8] message : 255, 0, 129, 128, 127
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs message
|   outputs x, a, z, n
| {
|   ld x, 0
|   ld a, message + x
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA $0813,X
= $0812   RTS
= $0813   .byte $FF
= $0814   BRK
= $0815   STA ($80,X)
= $0817   .byte $7F
= $0818   BRK
= $0819   BRK
= $081A   BRK

Initialized word table, initialized with list of word values.

| word table[4] message : 65535, 0, 127, 127
| 
| define main routine
| {
| }
= $080D   RTS
= $080E   .byte $FF
= $080F   .byte $FF
= $0810   BRK
= $0811   BRK
= $0812   .byte $7F
= $0813   BRK
= $0814   .byte $7F
= $0815   BRK

Some instructions.

| byte foo
| 
| define main routine
|   trashes a, x, y, z, n, c, v, foo
| {
|     ld a, 0
|     ld x, 0
|     ld y, 0
|     st a, foo
|     st x, foo
|     st y, foo
|     st on, c
|     st off, c
|     add a, 1
|     add a, foo
|     sub a, 1
|     sub a, foo
|     inc foo
|     inc x
|     inc y
|     dec foo
|     dec x
|     dec y
|     and a, 255
|     and a, foo
|     or a, 255
|     or a, foo
|     xor a, 255
|     xor a, foo
|     cmp a, 1
|     cmp a, foo
|     cmp x, 1
|     cmp x, foo
|     cmp y, 1
|     cmp y, foo
|     shl a
|     shr a
|     shl foo
|     shr foo
| }
= $080D   LDA #$00
= $080F   LDX #$00
= $0811   LDY #$00
= $0813   STA $0859
= $0816   STX $0859
= $0819   STY $0859
= $081C   SEC
= $081D   CLC
= $081E   ADC #$01
= $0820   ADC $0859
= $0823   SBC #$01
= $0825   SBC $0859
= $0828   INC $0859
= $082B   INX
= $082C   INY
= $082D   DEC $0859
= $0830   DEX
= $0831   DEY
= $0832   AND #$FF
= $0834   AND $0859
= $0837   ORA #$FF
= $0839   ORA $0859
= $083C   EOR #$FF
= $083E   EOR $0859
= $0841   CMP #$01
= $0843   CMP $0859
= $0846   CPX #$01
= $0848   CPX $0859
= $084B   CPY #$01
= $084D   CPY $0859
= $0850   ROL A
= $0851   ROR A
= $0852   ROL $0859
= $0855   ROR $0859
= $0858   RTS

Some instructions on tables. (1/3)

| byte table[256] many
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs many
|   outputs many
|   trashes a, x, c, n, z, v
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     ld a, 0
|     st off, c
|     add a, many + x
|     sub a, many + x
|     cmp a, many + x
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA #$00
= $0811   CLC
= $0812   ADC $081C,X
= $0815   SBC $081C,X
= $0818   CMP $081C,X
= $081B   RTS

Some instructions on tables. (2/3)

| byte table[256] many
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs many
|   outputs many
|   trashes a, x, c, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     ld a, 0
|     and a, many + x
|     or a, many + x
|     xor a, many + x
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA #$00
= $0811   AND $081B,X
= $0814   ORA $081B,X
= $0817   EOR $081B,X
= $081A   RTS

Some instructions on tables. (3/3)

| byte table[256] many
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs many
|   outputs many
|   trashes a, x, c, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     ld a, 0
|     st off, c
|     shl many + x
|     shr many + x
|     inc many + x
|     dec many + x
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA #$00
= $0811   CLC
= $0812   ROL $081F,X
= $0815   ROR $081F,X
= $0818   INC $081F,X
= $081B   DEC $081F,X
= $081E   RTS

Using a constant offset, you can read and write entries in the table beyond the 256th.

| byte one
| byte table[1024] many
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs many
|   outputs many
|   trashes a, x, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     ld a, many + x
|     st a, many + x
|     ld a, many + 999 + x
|     st a, many + 1000 + x
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA $081D,X
= $0812   STA $081D,X
= $0815   LDA $0C04,X
= $0818   STA $0C05,X
= $081B   RTS

Instructions on tables, with constant offsets.

| byte table[256] many
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs many
|   outputs many
|   trashes a, x, c, n, z, v
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     ld a, 0
|     st off, c
|     add a, many + 1 + x
|     sub a, many + 2 + x
|     cmp a, many + 3 + x
|     and a, many + 4 + x
|     or a, many + 5 + x
|     xor a, many + 6 + x
|     shl many + 7 + x
|     shr many + 8 + x
|     inc many + 9 + x
|     dec many + 10 + x
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA #$00
= $0811   CLC
= $0812   ADC $0832,X
= $0815   SBC $0833,X
= $0818   CMP $0834,X
= $081B   AND $0835,X
= $081E   ORA $0836,X
= $0821   EOR $0837,X
= $0824   ROL $0838,X
= $0827   ROR $0839,X
= $082A   INC $083A,X
= $082D   DEC $083B,X
= $0830   RTS

Compiling 16-bit cmp.

| word za @ 60001
| word zb : 3003
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs za, zb
|   trashes a, z, c, n
| {
|     cmp za, zb
|     cmp za, 4000
| }
= $080D   LDA $EA61
= $0810   CMP $0828
= $0813   BNE $081B
= $0815   LDA $EA62
= $0818   CMP $0829
= $081B   LDA $EA61
= $081E   CMP #$A0
= $0820   BNE $0827
= $0822   LDA $EA62
= $0825   CMP #$0F
= $0827   RTS
= $0828   .byte $BB
= $0829   .byte $0B

Compiling if.

| define main routine
|   trashes a, x, y, z, n, c, v
| {
|     ld a, 0
|     if z {
|         ld y, 1
|     } else {
|         ld y, 2
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDA #$00
= $080F   BNE $0816
= $0811   LDY #$01
= $0813   JMP $0818
= $0816   LDY #$02
= $0818   RTS

Compiling if not.

| define main routine
|   trashes a, x, y, z, n, c, v
| {
|     ld a, 0
|     if not z {
|         ld y, 1
|     } else {
|         ld y, 2
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDA #$00
= $080F   BEQ $0816
= $0811   LDY #$01
= $0813   JMP $0818
= $0816   LDY #$02
= $0818   RTS

Compiling if without else.

| define main routine
|   trashes a, x, y, z, n, c, v
| {
|     ld a, 0
|     ld y, 0
|     if z {
|         ld y, 1
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDA #$00
= $080F   LDY #$00
= $0811   BNE $0815
= $0813   LDY #$01
= $0815   RTS

Compiling repeat ... until z.

| define main routine
|   trashes a, y, z, n, c
| {
|     ld y, 65
|     repeat {
|         ld a, y
|         inc y
|         cmp y, 91
|     } until z
| }
= $080D   LDY #$41
= $080F   TYA
= $0810   INY
= $0811   CPY #$5B
= $0813   BNE $080F
= $0815   RTS

Compiling repeat ... until not z.

| define main routine
|   trashes a, y, z, n, c
| {
|     ld y, 65
|     repeat {
|         ld a, y
|         inc y
|         cmp y, 91
|     } until not z
| }
= $080D   LDY #$41
= $080F   TYA
= $0810   INY
= $0811   CPY #$5B
= $0813   BEQ $080F
= $0815   RTS

Compiling repeat ... until n.

| define main routine
|   trashes a, y, z, n, c
| {
|     ld y, 65
|     repeat {
|         ld a, y
|         dec y
|     } until n
| }
= $080D   LDY #$41
= $080F   TYA
= $0810   DEY
= $0811   BPL $080F
= $0813   RTS

Compiling repeat ... until not n.

| define main routine
|   trashes a, y, z, n, c
| {
|     ld y, 199
|     repeat {
|         ld a, y
|         inc y
|     } until not n
| }
= $080D   LDY #$C7
= $080F   TYA
= $0810   INY
= $0811   BMI $080F
= $0813   RTS

Compiling repeat forever.

| define main routine
|   trashes a, y, z, n, c
| {
|     ld y, 65
|     repeat {
|         inc y
|     } forever
| }
= $080D   LDY #$41
= $080F   INY
= $0810   JMP $080F
= $0813   RTS

The body of repeat forever can be empty.

| define main routine
| {
|     repeat {
|     } forever
| }
= $080D   JMP $080D
= $0810   RTS

Compiling for ... up to.

| byte table[256] tab
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab
|   trashes a, x, c, z, v, n
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     for x up to 15 {
|         ld a, tab + x
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA $0818,X
= $0812   INX
= $0813   CPX #$10
= $0815   BNE $080F
= $0817   RTS

Compiling for ... down to.

| byte table[256] tab
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab
|   trashes a, x, c, z, v, n
| {
|     ld x, 15
|     for x down to 0 {
|         ld a, tab + x
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDX #$0F
= $080F   LDA $0818,X
= $0812   DEX
= $0813   CPX #$FF
= $0815   BNE $080F
= $0817   RTS

Compiling save.

| define main routine
|   inputs a
|   outputs a
|   trashes z, n
| {
|     save a {
|         save x {
|             ld a, 0
|             ld x, 1
|         }
|     }
| }
= $080D   PHA
= $080E   TXA
= $080F   PHA
= $0810   LDA #$00
= $0812   LDX #$01
= $0814   PLA
= $0815   TAX
= $0816   PLA
= $0817   RTS

Compiling save with shortcut syntax.

| define main routine
|   inputs a
|   outputs a
|   trashes z, n
| {
|     save a, x {
|         ld a, 0
|         ld x, 1
|     }
| }
= $080D   PHA
= $080E   TXA
= $080F   PHA
= $0810   LDA #$00
= $0812   LDX #$01
= $0814   PLA
= $0815   TAX
= $0816   PLA
= $0817   RTS

Compiling save on a user-defined location.

| byte foo
| define main routine
|   trashes a, z, n
| {
|     save foo {
|         ld a, 0
|         st a, foo
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDA $081B
= $0810   PHA
= $0811   LDA #$00
= $0813   STA $081B
= $0816   PLA
= $0817   STA $081B
= $081A   RTS

Indexed access.

| byte one
| byte table[256] many
| 
| define main routine
|   outputs many
|   trashes a, x, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     ld a, 0
|     st a, many + x
|     ld a, many + x
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA #$00
= $0811   STA $0819,X
= $0814   LDA $0819,X
= $0817   RTS

Byte tables take up, at most, 256 bytes in memory.

| byte table[256] tab1
| byte table[256] tab2
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab1
|   outputs tab2
|   trashes a, x, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     ld a, tab1 + x
|     st a, tab2 + x
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA $0816,X
= $0812   STA $0916,X
= $0815   RTS

Byte storage locations take up only 1 byte in memory.

| byte one
| byte two
| 
| define main routine
|   outputs one, two
|   trashes a, x, n, z
| {
|     ld a, 0
|     st a, one
|     st a, two
| }
= $080D   LDA #$00
= $080F   STA $0816
= $0812   STA $0817
= $0815   RTS

Copy byte to byte.

| byte bar
| byte baz
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs baz
|   outputs bar
|   trashes a, n, z
| {
|   copy baz, bar
| }
= $080D   LDA $0815
= $0810   STA $0814
= $0813   RTS

Copy word to word.

| word bar
| word baz
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs baz
|   outputs bar
|   trashes a, n, z
| {
|   copy baz, bar
| }
= $080D   LDA $081C
= $0810   STA $081A
= $0813   LDA $081D
= $0816   STA $081B
= $0819   RTS

Copy literal word to word.

| word bar
| 
| define main routine
|   outputs bar
|   trashes a, n, z
| {
|   copy 2000, bar
| }
= $080D   LDA #$D0
= $080F   STA $0818
= $0812   LDA #$07
= $0814   STA $0819
= $0817   RTS

You can also copy a literal word to a word table.

| word table[256] many
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs many
|   outputs many
|   trashes a, x, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     copy 9999, many + x
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA #$0F
= $0811   STA $081A,X
= $0814   LDA #$27
= $0816   STA $091A,X
= $0819   RTS

Copy vector to vector.

| vector routine bar
| vector routine baz
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs baz
|   outputs bar
|   trashes a, n, z
| {
|   copy baz, bar
| }
= $080D   LDA $081C
= $0810   STA $081A
= $0813   LDA $081D
= $0816   STA $081B
= $0819   RTS

Copy routine to vector, inside an interrupts off block.

| vector routine
|   inputs x
|   outputs x
|   trashes z, n
|     bar
| 
| define foo routine
|   inputs x
|   outputs x
|   trashes z, n
| {
|     inc x
| }
| 
| define main routine
|   outputs bar
|   trashes a, n, z
| {
|   with interrupts off {
|     copy foo, bar
|   }
| }
= $080D   SEI
= $080E   LDA #$1A
= $0810   STA $081C
= $0813   LDA #$08
= $0815   STA $081D
= $0818   CLI
= $0819   RTS
= $081A   INX
= $081B   RTS

Copy routine (by forward reference) to vector.

| vector routine
|   inputs x
|   outputs x
|   trashes z, n
|     bar
| 
| define main routine
|   outputs bar
|   trashes a, n, z
| {
|     copy foo, bar
| }
| 
| define foo routine
|   inputs x
|   outputs x
|   trashes z, n
| {
|     inc x
| }
= $080D   LDA #$18
= $080F   STA $081A
= $0812   LDA #$08
= $0814   STA $081B
= $0817   RTS
= $0818   INX
= $0819   RTS

Copy byte to byte table and back, with both x and y as indexes, plus constant offsets.

| byte one
| byte table[256] many
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs one, many
|   outputs one, many
|   trashes a, x, y, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     ld y, 0
|     ld a, 77
|     st a, many + x
|     st a, many + y
|     st a, many + 1 + x
|     st a, many + 1 + y
|     ld a, many + x
|     ld a, many + y
|     ld a, many + 8 + x
|     ld a, many + 8 + y
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDY #$00
= $0811   LDA #$4D
= $0813   STA $082D,X
= $0816   STA $082D,Y
= $0819   STA $082E,X
= $081C   STA $082E,Y
= $081F   LDA $082D,X
= $0822   LDA $082D,Y
= $0825   LDA $0835,X
= $0828   LDA $0835,Y
= $082B   RTS

Copy word to word table and back, with both x and y as indexes.

| word one
| word table[256] many
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs one, many
|   outputs one, many
|   trashes a, x, y, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     ld y, 0
|     copy 777, one
|     copy one, many + x
|     copy one, many + y
|     copy many + x, one
|     copy many + y, one
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDY #$00
= $0811   LDA #$09
= $0813   STA $084C
= $0816   LDA #$03
= $0818   STA $084D
= $081B   LDA $084C
= $081E   STA $084E,X
= $0821   LDA $084D
= $0824   STA $094E,X
= $0827   LDA $084C
= $082A   STA $084E,Y
= $082D   LDA $084D
= $0830   STA $094E,Y
= $0833   LDA $084E,X
= $0836   STA $084C
= $0839   LDA $094E,X
= $083C   STA $084D
= $083F   LDA $084E,Y
= $0842   STA $084C
= $0845   LDA $094E,Y
= $0848   STA $084D
= $084B   RTS

Copy word to word table and back, with constant offsets.

| word one
| word table[256] many
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs one, many
|   outputs one, many
|   trashes a, x, y, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     ld y, 0
|     copy 777, one
|     copy one, many + 1 + x
|     copy one, many + 2 + y
|     copy many + 3 + x, one
|     copy many + 4 + y, one
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDY #$00
= $0811   LDA #$09
= $0813   STA $084C
= $0816   LDA #$03
= $0818   STA $084D
= $081B   LDA $084C
= $081E   STA $084F,X
= $0821   LDA $084D
= $0824   STA $094F,X
= $0827   LDA $084C
= $082A   STA $0850,Y
= $082D   LDA $084D
= $0830   STA $0950,Y
= $0833   LDA $0851,X
= $0836   STA $084C
= $0839   LDA $0951,X
= $083C   STA $084D
= $083F   LDA $0852,Y
= $0842   STA $084C
= $0845   LDA $0952,Y
= $0848   STA $084D
= $084B   RTS

Indirect call.

| vector routine
|   outputs x
|   trashes z, n
|     foo
| 
| define bar routine
|   outputs x
|   trashes z, n
| {
|     ld x, 200
| }
| 
| define main routine
|   outputs x, foo
|   trashes a, z, n
| {
|     copy bar, foo
|     call foo
| }
= $080D   LDA #$1B
= $080F   STA $0822
= $0812   LDA #$08
= $0814   STA $0823
= $0817   JSR $081E
= $081A   RTS
= $081B   LDX #$C8
= $081D   RTS
= $081E   JMP ($0822)
= $0821   RTS

Compiling goto. Note that no RTS is emitted after the JMP.

| define bar routine
|   inputs y
|   outputs x, y
|   trashes z, n
| {
|     ld x, 200
| }
| 
| define main routine
|   outputs x, y
|   trashes a, z, n
| {
|     ld y, 200
|     goto bar
| }
= $080D   LDY #$C8
= $080F   JMP $0812
= $0812   LDX #$C8
= $0814   RTS

Vector tables

Copying to and from a vector table.

| vector routine
|   outputs x
|   trashes a, z, n
|     one
| vector routine
|   outputs x
|   trashes a, z, n
|     table[256] many
| 
| define bar routine outputs x trashes a, z, n {
|     ld x, 200
| }
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs one, many
|   outputs one, many
|   trashes a, x, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     copy bar, one
|     copy bar, many + x
|     copy one, many + x
|     copy many + x, one
|     call one
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA #$3F
= $0811   STA $0846
= $0814   LDA #$08
= $0816   STA $0847
= $0819   LDA #$3F
= $081B   STA $0848,X
= $081E   LDA #$08
= $0820   STA $0948,X
= $0823   LDA $0846
= $0826   STA $0848,X
= $0829   LDA $0847
= $082C   STA $0948,X
= $082F   LDA $0848,X
= $0832   STA $0846
= $0835   LDA $0948,X
= $0838   STA $0847
= $083B   JSR $0842
= $083E   RTS
= $083F   LDX #$C8
= $0841   RTS
= $0842   JMP ($0846)
= $0845   RTS

Copying to and from a vector table, with constant offsets.

| vector routine
|   outputs x
|   trashes a, z, n
|     one
| vector routine
|   outputs x
|   trashes a, z, n
|     table[256] many
| 
| define bar routine outputs x trashes a, z, n {
|     ld x, 200
| }
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs one, many
|   outputs one, many
|   trashes a, x, n, z
| {
|     ld x, 0
|     copy bar, one
|     copy bar, many + 1 + x
|     copy one, many + 2 + x
|     copy many + 3 + x, one
|     call one
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   LDA #$3F
= $0811   STA $0846
= $0814   LDA #$08
= $0816   STA $0847
= $0819   LDA #$3F
= $081B   STA $0849,X
= $081E   LDA #$08
= $0820   STA $0949,X
= $0823   LDA $0846
= $0826   STA $084A,X
= $0829   LDA $0847
= $082C   STA $094A,X
= $082F   LDA $084B,X
= $0832   STA $0846
= $0835   LDA $094B,X
= $0838   STA $0847
= $083B   JSR $0842
= $083E   RTS
= $083F   LDX #$C8
= $0841   RTS
= $0842   JMP ($0846)
= $0845   RTS

add, sub

Various modes of add.

| byte lives
| byte extra
| word score
| word bonus
| define main routine
|   inputs lives, score, extra, bonus
|   outputs lives, score
|   trashes a, x, y, c, z, v, n
| {
|     ld a, 0
|     ld x, 0
|     ld y, 0
|     st off, c
|     add a, 7
|     add a, lives
|     add lives, 2
|     add lives, extra
|     add score, 1999
|     add score, bonus
| }
= $080D   LDA #$00
= $080F   LDX #$00
= $0811   LDY #$00
= $0813   CLC
= $0814   ADC #$07
= $0816   ADC $084D
= $0819   LDA $084D
= $081C   ADC #$02
= $081E   STA $084D
= $0821   LDA $084D
= $0824   ADC $084E
= $0827   STA $084D
= $082A   LDA $084F
= $082D   ADC #$CF
= $082F   STA $084F
= $0832   LDA $0850
= $0835   ADC #$07
= $0837   STA $0850
= $083A   LDA $084F
= $083D   ADC $0851
= $0840   STA $084F
= $0843   LDA $0850
= $0846   ADC $0852
= $0849   STA $0850
= $084C   RTS

Various modes of sub.

| byte lives
| byte extra
| word score
| word bonus
| define main routine
|   inputs lives, score, extra, bonus
|   outputs lives, score
|   trashes a, x, y, c, z, v, n
| {
|     ld a, 0
|     ld x, 0
|     ld y, 0
|     st on, c
|     sub a, 7
|     sub a, lives
|     sub lives, 2
|     sub lives, extra
|     sub score, 1999
|     sub score, bonus
| }
= $080D   LDA #$00
= $080F   LDX #$00
= $0811   LDY #$00
= $0813   SEC
= $0814   SBC #$07
= $0816   SBC $084D
= $0819   LDA $084D
= $081C   SBC #$02
= $081E   STA $084D
= $0821   LDA $084D
= $0824   SBC $084E
= $0827   STA $084D
= $082A   LDA $084F
= $082D   SBC #$CF
= $082F   STA $084F
= $0832   LDA $0850
= $0835   SBC #$07
= $0837   STA $0850
= $083A   LDA $084F
= $083D   SBC $0851
= $0840   STA $084F
= $0843   LDA $0850
= $0846   SBC $0852
= $0849   STA $0850
= $084C   RTS

word operations

Adding a constant word to a word memory location.

| word score
| define main routine
|   inputs score
|   outputs score
|   trashes a, c, z, v, n
| {
|     st off, c
|     add score, 1999
| }
= $080D   CLC
= $080E   LDA $081F
= $0811   ADC #$CF
= $0813   STA $081F
= $0816   LDA $0820
= $0819   ADC #$07
= $081B   STA $0820
= $081E   RTS

Adding a word memory location to another word memory location.

| word score
| word delta
| define main routine
|   inputs score, delta
|   outputs score
|   trashes a, c, z, v, n
| {
|     st off, c
|     add score, delta
| }
= $080D   CLC
= $080E   LDA $0821
= $0811   ADC $0823
= $0814   STA $0821
= $0817   LDA $0822
= $081A   ADC $0824
= $081D   STA $0822
= $0820   RTS

Subtracting a constant word from a word memory location.

| word score
| define main routine
|   inputs score
|   outputs score
|   trashes a, c, z, v, n
| {
|     st on, c
|     sub score, 1999
| }
= $080D   SEC
= $080E   LDA $081F
= $0811   SBC #$CF
= $0813   STA $081F
= $0816   LDA $0820
= $0819   SBC #$07
= $081B   STA $0820
= $081E   RTS

Subtracting a word memory location from another word memory location.

| word score
| word delta
| define main routine
|   inputs score, delta
|   outputs score
|   trashes a, c, z, v, n
| {
|     st on, c
|     sub score, delta
| }
= $080D   SEC
= $080E   LDA $0821
= $0811   SBC $0823
= $0814   STA $0821
= $0817   LDA $0822
= $081A   SBC $0824
= $081D   STA $0822
= $0820   RTS

Tables and Pointers

Associate pointer with table. Does nothing by itself.

| byte table[256] tab
| pointer ptr @ 254
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab
|   outputs tab, y
|   trashes a, z, n, ptr
| {
|     ld y, 0
|     point ptr into tab {
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDY #$00
= $080F   RTS

Reset pointer to table.

| byte table[256] tab
| pointer ptr @ 254
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab
|   outputs tab, y
|   trashes a, z, n, ptr
| {
|     ld y, 0
|     point ptr into tab {
|         reset ptr 0
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDY #$00
= $080F   LDA #$18
= $0811   STA $FE
= $0813   LDA #$08
= $0815   STA $FF
= $0817   RTS

Write literal through a pointer.

| byte table[256] tab
| pointer ptr @ 254
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab
|   outputs tab, y
|   trashes a, z, n, ptr
| {
|     ld y, 0
|     point ptr into tab {
|         reset ptr 0
|         copy 123, [ptr] + y
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDY #$00
= $080F   LDA #$1C
= $0811   STA $FE
= $0813   LDA #$08
= $0815   STA $FF
= $0817   LDA #$7B
= $0819   STA ($FE),Y
= $081B   RTS

Write stored value through a pointer.

| byte table[256] tab
| pointer ptr @ 254
| byte foo
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs foo, tab
|   outputs y, tab
|   trashes a, z, n, ptr
| {
|     ld y, 0
|     point ptr into tab {
|         reset ptr 0
|         copy foo, [ptr] + y
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDY #$00
= $080F   LDA #$1D
= $0811   STA $FE
= $0813   LDA #$08
= $0815   STA $FF
= $0817   LDA $091D
= $081A   STA ($FE),Y
= $081C   RTS

Read through a pointer, into a byte storage location, or the a register.

| byte table[256] tab
| pointer ptr @ 254
| byte foo
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab
|   outputs y, foo
|   trashes a, z, n, ptr
| {
|     ld y, 0
|     point ptr into tab {
|         reset ptr 0
|         copy [ptr] + y, foo
|         ld a, [ptr] + y
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDY #$00
= $080F   LDA #$1F
= $0811   STA $FE
= $0813   LDA #$08
= $0815   STA $FF
= $0817   LDA ($FE),Y
= $0819   STA $091F
= $081C   LDA ($FE),Y
= $081E   RTS

Multiple resets may occur inside the same block.

| byte table[256] tab @ 1024
| pointer ptr @ 254
| byte foo
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab
|   outputs y, foo
|   trashes a, z, n, ptr
| {
|     ld y, 0
|     point ptr into tab {
|         reset ptr 16
|         copy [ptr] + y, foo
|         reset ptr 18
|         ld a, [ptr] + y
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDY #$00
= $080F   LDA #$10
= $0811   STA $FE
= $0813   LDA #$04
= $0815   STA $FF
= $0817   LDA ($FE),Y
= $0819   STA $0827
= $081C   LDA #$12
= $081E   STA $FE
= $0820   LDA #$04
= $0822   STA $FF
= $0824   LDA ($FE),Y
= $0826   RTS

Read and write through two pointers.

| byte table[256] tab
| pointer ptra @ 252
| pointer ptrb @ 254
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab
|   outputs tab
|   trashes a, y, z, n, ptra, ptrb
| {
|     ld y, 0
|     point ptra into tab {
|         reset ptra 0
|         point ptrb into tab {
|             reset ptrb 0
|             copy [ptra] + y, [ptrb] + y
|         }
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDY #$00
= $080F   LDA #$24
= $0811   STA $FC
= $0813   LDA #$08
= $0815   STA $FD
= $0817   LDA #$24
= $0819   STA $FE
= $081B   LDA #$08
= $081D   STA $FF
= $081F   LDA ($FC),Y
= $0821   STA ($FE),Y
= $0823   RTS

Write the a register through a pointer.

| byte table[256] tab
| pointer ptr @ 254
| byte foo
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab
|   outputs tab
|   trashes a, y, z, n, ptr
| {
|     ld y, 0
|     point ptr into tab {
|         reset ptr 0
|         ld a, 255
|         st a, [ptr] + y
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDY #$00
= $080F   LDA #$1C
= $0811   STA $FE
= $0813   LDA #$08
= $0815   STA $FF
= $0817   LDA #$FF
= $0819   STA ($FE),Y
= $081B   RTS

Add a word memory location, and a literal word, to a pointer, and then read through it. Note that this is not range-checked. (Yet.)

| byte table[256] tab
| pointer ptr @ 254
| byte foo
| word delta
| 
| define main routine
|   inputs tab
|   outputs y, foo, delta
|   trashes a, c, v, z, n, ptr
| {
|     copy 619, delta
|     ld y, 0
|     st off, c
|     point ptr into tab {
|         reset ptr 0
|         add ptr, delta
|         add ptr, word 1
|         copy [ptr] + y, foo
|     }
| }
= $080D   LDA #$6B
= $080F   STA $0943
= $0812   LDA #$02
= $0814   STA $0944
= $0817   LDY #$00
= $0819   CLC
= $081A   LDA #$42
= $081C   STA $FE
= $081E   LDA #$08
= $0820   STA $FF
= $0822   LDA $FE
= $0824   ADC $0943
= $0827   STA $FE
= $0829   LDA $FF
= $082B   ADC $0944
= $082E   STA $FF
= $0830   LDA $FE
= $0832   ADC #$01
= $0834   STA $FE
= $0836   LDA $FF
= $0838   ADC #$00
= $083A   STA $FF
= $083C   LDA ($FE),Y
= $083E   STA $0942
= $0841   RTS

Trash

Trash does nothing except indicate that we do not care about the value anymore.

| define main routine
|   inputs a
|   outputs x
|   trashes a, z, n
| {
|     ld x, a
|     ld a, 0
|     trash a
| }
= $080D   TAX
= $080E   LDA #$00
= $0810   RTS

locals

Memory locations defined local static to a routine are allocated just the same as initialized global storage locations are.

| define foo routine
|   inputs x
|   outputs x
|   trashes z, n
|   static byte t : 255
| {
|   st x, t
|   inc t
|   ld x, t
| }
| 
| define main routine
|   trashes a, x, z, n
|   static byte t : 7
| {
|   ld x, t
|   call foo
| }
= $080D   LDX $081F
= $0810   JSR $0814
= $0813   RTS
= $0814   STX $081E
= $0817   INC $081E
= $081A   LDX $081E
= $081D   RTS
= $081E   .byte $FF
= $081F   .byte $07

Memory locations defined local dynamic to a routine are allocated just the same as uninitialized global storage locations are.

| define foo routine
|   inputs x
|   outputs x
|   trashes z, n
|   local byte t
| {
|   st x, t
|   inc t
|   ld x, t
| }
| 
| define main routine
|   trashes a, x, z, n
|   local byte t
| {
|   ld x, 0
|   st x, t
|   call foo
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   STX $0821
= $0812   JSR $0816
= $0815   RTS
= $0816   STX $0820
= $0819   INC $0820
= $081C   LDX $0820
= $081F   RTS

Memory locations defined local dynamic to a routine are allocated just the same as uninitialized global storage locations are, even when declared with a fixed address.

| define foo routine
|   inputs x
|   outputs x
|   trashes z, n
|   local byte t @ 1024
| {
|   st x, t
|   inc t
|   ld x, t
| }
| 
| define main routine
|   trashes a, x, z, n
|   local byte t @ 1025
| {
|   ld x, 0
|   st x, t
|   call foo
| }
= $080D   LDX #$00
= $080F   STX $0401
= $0812   JSR $0816
= $0815   RTS
= $0816   STX $0400
= $0819   INC $0400
= $081C   LDX $0400
= $081F   RTS